Decolonizing methods often involve participatory and community-based techniques that seek “emic,” or insider, insight through conversation, listening, and understanding, privileging the interpretation of data by Aboriginal people and shifting decision-making power and control over the design and conduct of the research (Bainbridge et al., 2015; Dudgeon et al., 2010; Mazel, 2016; Mooney-Somers et al., 2011; Tuhiwai Smith, 2012; Wilkin & Liamputtong, 2010). and A.L. First, key findings from each of the three themes were presented via an interactive question-and-answer session whereby peer researchers were invited to reflect and provide feedback on the themes and quotes presented on the flipchart paper around the room. Peer researchers felt a sense of achievement as they transitioned from feeling “really nervous” (peer researcher, 16 years old) to feeling “proud” (peer researcher, 16 years old) when listening to their interviews and realizing the value of their work. *The MOST study investigators are Prof. John Kaldor, Prof. James Ward, Dr. Nathan Ryder, Associate Prof. David Whiley, Prof. Rebecca Guy, Dr. Steven Skov, Associate Prof. Handan Ward, Prof. Lisa Maher, Dr. Stephen Bell, Prof. Christopher Fairley, Prof. . What is Bronwyn Silver’s business email address? Connecting Country wishes Bronwyn Silver all the best as she has decided to step down from her role here to pursue other interests and opportunities. One peer researcher out of school and one in school considerably outperformed the other peer researchers in terms of their response to feedback during debriefing meetings, eliciting more detailed and more nuanced accounts as the interviews progressed, compared with the other peer researchers. Peer researchers described diverse interactions with interviewees, the challenges this brought to conducting interviews, and the strategies they used to manage them. She explained that she reassured the interviewee that it was okay “to speak the truth” and that the research was “to help young Indigenous people.” She realized she “had to be more patient and encouraging” and to let the interviewee “have space to answer.”. Bronwyn Clark writes Middle Grade and Young Adult fiction. As with health service delivery, self-determination and community control are the central principles of ethical, appropriate health research with Aboriginal peoples (National Health and Medical Research Council [NHMRC], 2018b). I thought it would be interesting to show some of laws that would introduce and eliminate coins throughout the years. Finally, debriefing interviews enabled the monitoring of data collection; if information gaps were identified, peer interviewers were encouraged to develop follow-up questions to be asked subsequently. Let them fill it.” After practicing these skills during the second interview, he said, “It was much easier . and A.L. We review the research process and outcomes of this peer research, while considering the further steps needed to move toward the more systemic use of decolonizing research methods. $38.00 + shipping . This article reports on the processes and value of working with young Aboriginal community members as peer researchers in a study conducted in a remote Australian setting. With regard to method, as evidenced by some peer researchers’ discomfort in undertaking one-to-one in-depth interviews with people they already knew and trusted about sensitive sexual health issues, we caution against privileging any one model of peer research. “We Don’t Want to Live Like This”: The Lived Experience of Dislocation, Po... Knowing, Being, and Doing: Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Collaboration in Cancer Services, Toward an Understanding of the Poor Health Status of Indigenous Australian Men, Bainbridge, R., Tsey, K., McCalman, J., Kinchin, I., Saunders, V., Watkin Lui, F., Cadet-James, Y., Miller, A., Lawson, K. (, Bainbridge, R., Whiteside, M., McCalman, J. They took place during the afternoon and evening of the first day of peer researcher training to ensure that later discussions during peer researcher training did not influence the responses given. This in turn can facilitate evidence-informed strategic planning and action to address health issues that are identified by communities as outstanding and in need of resolution, and implement solutions with a higher likelihood of being effective. Eight peer researchers, each recruiting a further two participants into the study, would provide a total target sample of 24 young participants offering their perspectives and views on the study objectives in this small town. In addition to acquiring new research skills, peer researchers fulfilled an advisory role. Ethical questions may arise relating to how peer researchers choose their interviewees, relationships of trust between peers and interviewees, and the potential for misuse of knowledge gained about people’s private lives (Greene, 2013; Rewi, 2014). She also loves a bit of everyday magic. Lean Library can solve it. There remain extreme and therefore unacceptable disparities between the sexual health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal young people throughout Australia today. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. The use of three short interviews rather than one extended interview provided an opportunity for extra mentoring during the debrief that followed each cycle of interviews. At the time of the project, A.L. If non-Aboriginal people are involved, this should be on terms decided by Aboriginal people (J. Bronwyn Silver is a member of Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. Instead, it requires non-Aboriginal researchers to work as trusted “accomplices” (Finlay, 2020), standing and acting with Aboriginal researchers, and to be committed to reflecting critically on their research practice and building partnerships with community benefit and transformational impact (Clapham, 2011; Dudgeon et al., 2010; Humphery, 2001; NHMRC, 2018a; Prior, 2007; Tuhiwai Smith, 2012). Peer researchers also provided context to the recorded interviews that might otherwise have been missed. Environs on Bronwyn Sale art. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. This can only be overcome by decolonization—and use of alternative methods including decolonizing research frameworks, methods, and systems—if Aboriginal peoples’ health in Australia is to be properly understood (Sherwood, 2013; Tuhiwai Smith, 2012). Australia. Alternative approaches—including yarning (Walker et al., 2014), photovoice and photo elicitation techniques (Wilkin & Liamputtong, 2010), participatory video (Schwab-Cartas & Mitchell, 2015), and art (Flicker et al., 2014), for example—hold the potential to engage young people in culturally appropriate research processes and interactions. With a commitment to self-determination and community control of research processes (Johnstone, 2007)—and working in partnership with Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal representatives of academic research institutions and an Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service, as well as young Aboriginal community members—this qualitative study sought to put Aboriginal young people and their experiences at the heart of sexual health research in one remote Australian setting. In her book, Decolonizing methodologies, Linda Tuhiwai Smith (2012) argued that decolonized research can advance and develop Indigenous peoples’ aspirations if undertaken from within a framework of self-determination and social justice; when underpinned by values and principles that are consistent with those of Indigenous peoples; and if led by and with clear benefit for Indigenous peoples. Debriefing discussions across all three themes lasted between 2 and 3 hours (average length: 156 minutes). Bronwyn Silver is research manager at Central Australian Aboriginal Congress Aboriginal Corporation. Under such conditions, research can be an important vehicle for change. These were discussed at the end of the interview with a focus on strengthening interview technique. All the peer researchers were actively involved in training, peer interviews, debriefing, and the workshops. 121 Followers, 88 Following, 104 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Bronwyn Silver (@bronwyn___silver) The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. Congress’s decisions on these issues could have significant implications for U.S. defense capabilities and funding requirements. Several peer researchers reflected on how they might have taken a bit more time to interrogate interviewees’ initial responses using prompts and probing questions: I should have slowed down a bit. . It has been used with marginalized or vulnerable people in diverse social and cultural communities in high- (Greene et al., 2009; Guta et al., 2013; Littlechild et al., 2015; Longfield et al., 2007) and low- and middle-income (Angotti & Sennott, 2015; Elmusharaf et al., 2017; Hawkins et al., 2009; Porter, 2016; Porter et al., 2010) countries. In total, peer researchers conducted 14 in-depth interviews per theme. Maybe he’s got drunk and had sex, whatever, and it’s happened to him. The workshop was structured around four to five sessions each day to fulfill core objectives. Der Name wird vor allem im Walisischen verwendet und ist eine weibliche Form von Bronwen. The 1989 Congress Bicentennial Silver Dollar (Buy on eBay) was one of three coins released to celebrate the 200th anniversary of Congress. Interviews explored three themes relevant to the study: Aboriginal young people’s sexual experiences and relationships (Theme 1); awareness of STIs and risk practices (Theme 2); and STI prevention, risk reduction, testing, and treatment (Theme 3). Join Facebook to connect with Bronwyn Miller and others you may know. For example, national surveillance data from 2017 document substantially higher notification rates of Chlamydia, infectious syphilis, and gonorrhea among Aboriginal young people aged 15 to 29 years compared with non-Aboriginal age peers, particularly in remote rather than urban settings (The Kirby Institute, 2018). Through processes of self-determination, respectful contemporary health research can enable the collection and dissemination of knowledge that engages with and genuinely represents Aboriginal peoples’ understandings of the world (Johnstone, 2007; Sherwood, 2010). While meeting these objectives within the context of this study, much more remains to be done. They typically take responsibility for leading one or more parts of the research cycle including research question identification, study design, participant recruitment, data collection, data interpretation, and data analysis. What company does Bronwyn Silver work for? (peer researcher, 19 years old). It is important to differentiate between decolonizing methodologies (i.e., the approach underpinning how research should be done) and methods (i.e., the specific techniques used to gather data and analyze evidence; Tuhiwai Smith, 2012). Decolonizing methodologies seek to build on the interests and agendas of Aboriginal people in pursuit of social justice, by prioritizing subjectivity and privileging Indigenous peoples’ voices, knowledge, and worldviews, and ensuring that Aboriginal people lead as experts in making sense of their own lives and diverse lived experiences (Bainbridge et al., 2015; Prior, 2007; Rowe et al., 2015; Sherwood, 2010; Walker et al., 2014). “We don’t want to live like this”: The lived experience of dislocation, poor health, and homelessness for western Australian Aboriginal people, Self-determination and the right to health: Australian Aboriginal community controlled health services, Learning from the past: Young Indigenous people’s accounts of blood-borne viral and sexually transmitted infections as resilience narratives, Project community diagnosis: Participatory research as a first step toward community involvement in primary health care, Reflections on co-investigation through peer research with young people and older people in sub-Saharan Africa, Children as research collaborators: Issues and reflections from a mobility study in sub-Saharan Africa, Researching sexual and reproductive behaviour: A peer ethnographic approach, Decolonising research: A shift toward reconciliation, Utilising kaupapa Mäori approaches to initiate research, Internationalization of an Indigenous anticolonial cultural critique of research methodologies: A guide to Indigenist research methodology and its principles, Decolonising social work research: Learning from critical Indigenous approaches, A tale of two sites: Cellphones, participatory video and indigeneity in community-based research, Colonisation—it’s bad for your health: The context of Aboriginal health, Historical and current perspectives on the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Changing discourses in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health research, 1914-2014, “Yarning” as a method for community-based health research with Indigenous women: The Indigenous Women’s Wellness Research Program, Through a critical lens: Indigenist research and the Dadirri method, The photovoice method: Researching the experiences of Aboriginal health workers through photographs, Working With Aboriginal Young People as Peer Researchers, Learning From Experience—Aboriginal Young People’s Research Practice. S.B. All interviews were conducted in audio-private spaces at home, in school, or in community settings chosen by peer researchers and their interviewees. What is Bronwyn Silver’s role in Central Australian Aboriginal Congress? I was just spitting the questions out. Future priorities include developing more enduring forms of coinvestigation with Aboriginal young people beyond data collection during single studies, and support for young researchers to gain formal qualifications to enhance future employability. The right of self-determination is in addition to the right which all people have to freedom from discrimination (UN General Assembly, 1966). Concern has also been expressed about the reliability, validity, and credibility of data collected and analyzed by people who are not formally qualified academically (Kilpatrick et al., 2007; Lushey & Munro, 2015), and the challenges associated with sustained support for peer researchers in research (Angotti & Sennott, 2015). For example, during the playback of an interview conducted by an 18-year-old peer researcher, the interviewee gave a range of reasons why young men have sex. Supporting the careers of younger Aboriginal researchers and the systemic use of decolonizing methods are essential for decolonizing health research in this national setting. Much work is required to ensure these limitations do not occur in future peer research studies with Aboriginal peoples in Australia. Combined recordings for the three themes together lasted between 17 and 92 minutes (average length of 38 minutes). They were paid at the recommended rate for 19-year-olds undertaking an entry-level administrative role in accordance with the Australian Government Fair Work Commission’s “Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services Award 2010,” as approved by the Board at the local Aboriginal primary health care service. Decolonizing methodologies seek to reposition those who have hitherto been the objects of research as experts, leaders, critics, theorists, knowers, and communicators (Ndlovu-Gatsheni, 2017). Here, Aboriginal communities claimed control over issues directly affecting their health, including determining the pace, shape, and manner of change and decision-making at local, regional, state, and national levels (K. Bell et al., 2000; National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation, 2019). In our eyes, however, the benefits of such an approach outweigh its weaknesses, especially when considering research with Aboriginal peoples for whom issues of self-determination and community control are paramount. led the training with support from A.L. Used in Wales since the 19th century, it was introduced to the English-speaking public at large by a character in the Richard Llewellyn novel How Green Was My Valley (1939). Bronwyn has 3 jobs listed on their profile. Peter Aggleton is a sociologist and educationalist working in policy studies, international development and health. By continuing to browse Bronwyn ist ein weiblicher Vorname.. Herkunft und Bedeutung. View Bronwyn Masters’ profile on LinkedIn, the world’s largest professional community. A presentation of this thematic data was prepared on A1 flipchart paper and placed around the room in which the workshops were conducted. Free shipping . I think, just the look on his face, I think he was talking, thinking about what’s happened with him . In 1991, the Australian NHMRC released the first set of national ethical guidelines for Aboriginal health research (NHMRC, 1991), most recently updated in 2018 (NHMRC, 2018a, 2018b). 0: 0: Never: 591. The word “tracks” was used as slang for “disease,” and the terms “chore” and “albor” were used by young people to refer to the significant relationships of lifelong support—that is “brothers”—that develop between young men who go through cultural initiation processes (or “men’s business”) together. . As would be expected, however, there was some variation in the interviews conducted. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. . Dr Bronwyn La Brooy shares some stretches during the COVID lockdown! These peer researchers also participated in workshops to review, validate, and advise on implementation of these strategies prior to the trial commencing, or reject strategies that were not deemed appropriate for use. Three short interviews lasting between 10 and 30 minutes were conducted with each interviewee, each focused on one of the three themes noted above. Repath, Ian (2007): Callisthenes in Achilles Tatius’ Leucippe and Cleitophon: Double Jeopardy?, AN 6, 101-130. 0: 0: Never: 589. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. All peer researchers conducted interviews with two peers, though one young woman went on to conduct two unsupported interviews with additional peers to increase the sample of young women involved in the study. In accordance with literature on decolonizing methodologies (Prior, 2007; Tuhiwai Smith, 2012), the study recognised the agency of young Aboriginal people and enhanced the skills, understandings, and cultural knowledge of both the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal researchers. (Silver City, N.M.) 1894-1??? through existing sports, work, and extended family networks. The average length of interviews was quite short, however, which illustrates the difficulties peer researchers and investigators experienced engaging young people in in-depth conversation about sensitive topics that some may never have talked about to anyone before. Bronwyn Silver studies Malacology (Biology), Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and Colon cancer. Peer Research as a Decolonizing Practice? Third, involvement of the two Aboriginal research officers (A.L. Basil Donovan, Associate Prof. Alice Rumbold. Bronwyn Silver’s peers at other companies are Shannon Fox, Bose Balogun, Erin Bradley, Yogita Mehra, Connie Houska. Training consisted of participatory activities—including activities such as group discussion, brainstorming, role play, and values clarification and visual methodology including community mapping and problem tree analyses—to support the peer researchers’ practice-based learning and trust building among the research team. A limitation in this case was that the engagement of Aboriginal young people as coinvestigators representing their Aboriginal communities in a peer research approach was introduced into the study design after the MOST trial had received funding from the Australian NHMRC. Bronwyn is represented by Lydia Silver of Darley Anderson Children’s Book Agency. 1989-S Proof US Congressional Silver Dollar and Half Coin Set with COA. It doesn’t matter, you know? First, the digital audio files for peer researchers’ interviews were transferred to a password-protected folder on S.B.’s computer and erased from the digital recorder. Bronwyn James lost her husband to COVID-19: 'Please wear a mask' November 22, 2020, 8:49 a.m. Doug Fung died of COVID-19 on Oct. 29, and his family thinks people should consider wearing a mask 'such a small gesture' in a pandemic. Working with Aboriginal young people in sexual health research: a peer research methodology in remote Australia, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage, National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation, 2019, National Health and Medical Research Council [NHMRC], 2018b, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2052-3, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08565-0, https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1071/SH19204, https://croakey.org/the-inala-manifesto-a-call-to-arms-for-indigenous-health-researchers/, https://theconversation.com/a-new-inquiry-into-indigenous-policy-must-address-the-root-causes-of-failure-122389, https://doi.org/10.1080/09688080.2017.1329607, https://croakey.org/where-do-you-fit-tokenistic-ally-or-accomplice/, https://doi.org/10.18357/ijih.101201513271, https://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=290673758841085;res=IELAPA, https://search-informit-com-au.wwwproxy1.library.unsw.edu.au/documentSummary;dn=200102959;res=IELAPA, https://doi.org/10.1080/13645570802553780, https://doi.org/10.1080/09581596.2012.761675, https://doi.org/10.1080/17441690701589813, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-842x.2001.tb00563.x, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.19.1.173, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2006.09.003, https://doi.org/10.1080/09650790701514291, https://doi.org/10.1080/13691050601161864, https://www.naccho.org.au/about/aboriginal-health-history/definitions/, https://theconversation.com/decolonising-research-methodology-must-include-undoing-its-dirty-history-83912, https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(84)90215-6, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-010-9317-x, https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(01)00277-5, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1800.2007.00361.x, https://doi.org/10.1080/0312407X.2015.1024264, https://doi.org/10.5172/conu.2013.46.1.28, https://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b3aa0.html, https://www.un.org/development/desa/indigenouspeoples/wp-content/uploads/sites/19/2018/11/UNDRIP_E_web.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2013.815754. 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