It was not technically true. The reason for this change was that in two of the local languages, Marathi and Gujarati, the city has long been called Mumbai. Internet was fast enough for research … Goodbye to the city of dreadful night, and the black hole of Calcutta. According to one view, the elephants of the Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah were posted here when he attacked Kolkata in 1756. • The southern state of Kerala led the way in changing place names to remove the colonial influence. During partition back then Bengal was divided into two parts, one was East Bengal while the […] W hen I remember Calcutta – as the residents of Kolkata still call their city, despite its official name change – it appears before my mind’s eye in sepia tones, muted and mild, as if everything were seen through a thick particulate haze. It was also felt that the anglicised version was simply outdated, as the country has been free from colonial rule for more than half a century. The city so redolent of the Raj has tossed away the stain of its imperial past along with its name (it hopes), and from next month will be known by its Bengali equivalent: Kolkata. Name changes have varied with respect to the levels of language at which they have been applied, and also accepted. The closest rendering in spoken Bengali sounded more like Koli-kata. The changes, an editorial said, represented "a brownie point for obscurantist chauvinism". Different departments of the government may have used official spellings in use at the time, while locations associated with Indian railways mostly maintained British-era spellings. There are also plans to change other anglicised place names. Image Courtesy: Remote Traveler. Firmly believing in the adage "the more the merrier," the state will be called Bangla in Bengali, Bengal in English and Bangal in Hindi. The news says that Kolkata – the city of Joy is changing the name again. Kolkata Isn't Just The City Of Mother Teresa In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali … Celebrations in Kolkata have come under the scanner of the Calcutta high court, even as some major cities in India have put restrictions to control the crowd on the night of … Here are some of the most popular theories regarding the origins of the name of India’s City of Joys. Calcutta, the bustling metropolis where I was born, once the First City of the British Raj, had already rechristened itself as Kolkata in 2001. No one expected a sudden change this soon. These changes did not generate significant controversy. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. However, Calcutta had always been pronounced Kolkata by Bengali speakers. Late on Tuesday, riding a wave of sentiment that has been percolating for months among native Bengali-speakers, the West Bengal state legislature voted unanimously to cast off the old name. A recent report from the Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority says ethnic Bengalis now account for only 57% of the city's inhabitants, and that has generated concern among the self-appointed guardians of the local culture and language. Get information on Kolkata (Calcutta) Travel Guide - Expert Picks for your Vacation hotels, restaurants, entertainment, shopping, sightseeing, and activities. When I moved from California to Calcutta in 2011, I would joke that I had merely exchanged one Cal for another. The name change was part of a wider movement to do away with the anglicised version of city names that were allocated by the British while they were in charge. Later state name changes include the reorganisation of Madhya Bharat into Madhya Pradesh in 1959;[3] and the renamings of the Madras State to Tamil Nadu in 1969, of the Mysore State to Karnataka in 1973, and of Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand in 2007. West Bengal the state of Bengalis in India is rich in art, food, and culture. Kolkata (spelled Calcutta before 1 January 2001) is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. Representative image . "Unconsciousness was forced upon us; we were chained. The bill also proposes to change the name of IIM Calcutta to IIM Kolkata. The renaming of cities is often specifically from English to Indian English in connection with that dialect's internal reforms. In the case of smaller towns and districts which were less notable outside and inside India, and where a well known English name (or exonym) could not be said to exist, older spellings used under British India may not have had any specific legislation other than changes in practice on the romanisation of indigenous Indian language names. I suppose that’s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and to memory. Last time it happened was back in 2001 when the British named Calcutta was renamed into Kolkata by the government. An example is the change from English "Calcutta" to English "Kolkata" – the local Bengali name (কলকাতা Kôlkata) did not change. The plea sought directions to authorities concerned to cancel the notification, if any, whereby Kolkata Port Trust has been renamed and, in case, there is a change of name… I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikivoyage from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. Kolkata City Of Joy: Beautiful Bengal Moist weather, fish curries, agarbatti aromas, sweet mishtis…art, culture, history and dance all are in one land Bengal. Thus Calcutta became the third Indian metropolis … If that is the case, then Evan's argument still stands. Mumbai is in the honour of Mumbra Devi whereas Kolkata was always pronounced such in Bengali. To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. These two proposals are changes from the historically Mughal name to a Hindu native name. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. Kolkata: Calcutta High Court judges have rejected the Centre's decision to change the name of their place of work to Kolkata High Court. Ambuja Neotia Vista Hotel: I've tried many in Kolkata - This is my favorite - See 2,305 traveler reviews, 764 candid photos, and great deals for Ambuja Neotia Vista Hotel at Tripadvisor. [7] Adoption may be slower among the media in India and abroad, and among Indian authors.[8][9][10]. Trivandrum, the state capital, became Thiruvanthapuram and Calicut became Kozhikode, which was its name when Vasco da Gama sighted the land in 1498, • The southern city of Madras reverted to Chennai , its name when the British East India Company established a trading post there in 1639, • When Bombay became Mumbai in 1996, the state threatened to prosecute any business that did not change its signs. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikitravel from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. We want to face up to the chains. Hatibagan. Kolkata was officially called Calcutta until 2001. In 1773 Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) became subordinate to the government at Fort William. The land around Kali-kata was mainly swamp and the "pestilential city" was immortalised in Rudyard Kipling's poem City of Dreadful Night. I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. At this time, for example, Travancore-Cochin was renamed Kerala. "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. When it is called Calcutta, it includes the suburbs.This makes it the third largest city of India. Calcutta's sorry image of a city of beggars and heartbreak would stick. Now comes the fun part. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. Firstly, the city has always been pronounced Kolkata by the Bengalis. The bill also proposes to change the name of IIM Calcutta to IIM Kolkata. In Kolkata January 14-27 2020, staying within 10 blocks of the Park Street area. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - … W hen I remember Calcutta – as the residents of Kolkata still call their city, despite its official name change – it appears before my mind’s eye in sepia tones, muted and mild, as if everything were seen through a thick particulate haze. The change will occur on August 24, Calcutta's 390th birthday. For example, the renaming of the Madras Presidency to Madras State in 1947 and then Tamil Nadu in 1969 required non-Tamil speakers to change from an approximation of the British name (Tamil: மதராஸ் மாகாணம் Madras Presidency, then Madras State Tamil: மதராஸ் மாநிலம்) to a native Tamil name (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு Tamil Nadu, "Tamil country"). Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta: Origin of the name Calcutta is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. This is one thing I don't understand at all. The name change has gone through the state government (though the national parliament in New Delhi has yet to ratify it). How do you do that? KOLKATA: Judges of Calcutta High Court have unanimously declined to accept the Centre's proposal for renaming it as Kolkata High Court and have communicated the view of the full court to Union Law Ministry. Even (Romanised) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon which government department or agency uses them. There are two main views on the etymology of the name Hatibagan. Read the … I was enchanted. He was commander of the British forces during the 1857 Indian mutiny. India has various local languages. Now comes the story. It is the second largest city in India after Mumbai. Calcutta - Kolkata debate . In 1957, the West Bengal government ordered the removal of the bronze statue of Gen. James Outram, a landmark in Calcutta. ", Temples and legends of Himachal Pradesh - Page 38 Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury - 1981 "Mandi takes the name from Mandavya. I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. It is on the east bank of the River Hooghly. KOLKATA: Judges of Calcutta High Court have unanimously declined to accept the Centre's proposal for renaming it as Kolkata High Court and have communicated the view of the full court to Union Law Ministry. Tipu Sultan Mosque at the corner of Chowringhee Road and Dharmatala, was built in 1842, by Prince Gholam Mohammad, a son of Tipu Sultan. Each had to be approved by the central government in New Delhi. But the decision has not met with approval from all quarters. Last week the Calcutta High Court refused bail to a Hindi-speaking computer programmer charged with setting up a website dedicated to anti-Bengali and anti-communist slurs. More recent and high-profile changes – including renaming such major cities as Calcutta to Kolkata – have generated greater controversy. And Calcutta became Kolkata. - Slate Magazine", "Deccan Herald: Centre clears change in names of Karna cities, Belgaum now Belagavi", "Failed game-changers become name-changers", https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Kerala-to-become-Keralam/articleshow/6166573.cms, "Allahabad is now Prayagraj, Yogi's Cabinet renames historic city", https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/west-bengal-renaming-centre-says-hasnt-approved-name-change-mamata-banerjee-writes-to-pm-modi/articleshow/70059673.cms, https://hindustantimes.com/india-news/as-gujarat-sets-to-rename-ahmedabad-to-karnavati-shiv-sena-demands-name-change-of-osmanabad-and-aurangabad/story-tsa2wD3VOcL9wex76Jt0MP.html, "10 Indian cities that changed their names", "Now, Indore to become Indur, Bhopal Bhojpal", "BJP to rename Hyderabad, Karimnagar if it forms govt in Telangana: UP CM Yogi Adityanath", "BJP lawmaker demands change of Nizamabad's name to 'Indur, https://indianexpress.com/article/india/uttar-pradesh-bjp-muzaffarnagar-will-be-renamed-lakshmi-nagar-mla-sangeet-singh-som-5439986/, Geographical Dictionary Of Ancient And Mediaeval India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Renaming_of_cities_in_India&oldid=998925702, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Assamese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 17:40. Several changes were controversial, and not all proposed changes were implemented. Experts fear the move will not only erode the IIM-C brand value, but also confuse applicants and employers since IIM Kozhikode is also popularly known as IIM-K. Still, it was not bad. It didn't really affect us much. Notable city names that were officially changed by legislation after independence include: For others, by state order, see list of renamed Indian cities and states. Kolkata: Calcutta High Court judges have rejected the Centre's decision to change the name of their place of work to Kolkata High Court. The name of the place was first Mandav Nagar and then corrupted into Mandi. The advertisement of purveyors D. Wilson and Company (David Wilson & Company) - owners of Asia, India and Kolkata’s longest surviving hotel - The Great Eastern Hotel - communicated that its ‘Hall of All Nations’ had a plentiful stocks of Christmas fare – turkey, ham, beef, and a wide variety of cakes, sweets and biscuits.‘Hall of All Nations’ was actually a large … I just made this change. The former capital of British India is the third metropolis in less than four years to change its name, much to the disgust of the Statesman newspaper, itself a 111-year-old relic of the Raj. Two centuries later, the Albanian-born nun Mother Teresa would tap into hoary and embellished tales of those deaths, and the ravages wrought on a city by famine and war in its hinterlands, and labour unrest in its heart. But is it ... Calcutta? Some of these changes coincided with the States Reorganisation Act of 1956, a major reform of the boundaries of India's states and territories that organised them along linguistic lines. Calcutta - Kolkata debate . I tried to avoid changing "Kolkata" to "Calcutta" in proper names. Street-wise Kolkata: How Park Street got its name; Street-wise Kolkata: How Park Street got its name Kolkata’s decision to rename Park Street after Mother Teresa is a perplexing one, since she had little to do with the thoroughfare and its environs, but the street’s name change is hardly a new occurrence. And what's the difference? The area also was named after him and later the name was changed to the current one. It is on the east bank of the River Hooghly. India has various local languages. Such changes in English spelling may be in order to better reflect a more accurate phonetic transliteration of the local name, or may be for other reasons. Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India.It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location … Since 1760, the street has seen several name changes as Calcutta consistently swelled and developed into a larger metropolis. In the early years after Indian independence, many name changes were effected in northern India for English spellings of Hindi place names that had simply been romanised inconsistently by the British administration – such as the British spelling "Jubbulpore," renamed "Jabalpur" (जबलपुर) among the first changes in 1947. In 1690, Job Charnok, an agent of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement. On July 5, … However, a change in English may sometimes also be a reflection of changes in other Indian languages other than the specific local one. The confusion inherent in such variations has often resulted in serious consequences like people having two "different" addresses (theoretically designating the same place) in their official records leading to legal disputes, or one house having residents of different house addresses due to differing place names. Late on Tuesday, riding a wave of sentiment that has been percolating for months among native Bengali-speakers, the West Bengal state legislature voted unanimously to cast off the … Other changes were only changes in some of the indigenous languages. ", "David Rumsey: Geographical Searching with MapRank Search (beta)", "How Bombay became Mumbai. In the post-colonial era, several Indian states' names were changed. Hati means elephant, bagan means garden. In the year 2003, High Court in Calcutta ruled out Job Charnock -- widely held to have founded Calcutta with the British East India Company in 1690 -- and announced that his name should be struck from school textbooks, official documents, and websites. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. Bioy Ghosh feels that the name Dharmatala is because of the preeminence of Dharmathakur in olden days. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly.The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. Kolkata (spelled Calcutta before 1 January 2001) is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the second largest city in India after Mumbai. Yet, here we are again going back to the roots with the 16th-century old Kalikatta. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. This also makes it the world's 8th largest metropolitan area as defined by the United … Representative image . The renaming of cities in India started in 1947 following the end of the British imperial period. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. The name change is rather conveniently timed for the state's ruling communists, just weeks before India's general elections and at a time when Calcuttans may be losing faith in the cosmopolitanism that has defined the city. This eventually went on to become the first capital of Union Jack India. … Many people argue that such confusion can lead to indeterminate and/or unintended consequences.[2]. There was a Buddhist temple at Janbazar, nearby. Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], September 8 (ANI): The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. Even (Romanised) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon which government department or agency uses them. [4] Since independence, such changes have typically been enacted officially by legislation at local or national Indian government level, and may or may not then be adopted by the Indian media, particularly the influential Indian press. An example of this is the renaming of predominantly Hindi-speaking Uttaranchal (Hindi: उत्तराञ्चल) to a new local Hindi name (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड Uttarakhand). In order to see this embed, you must give consent to Social Media cookies. I suppose that’s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and to memory. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - Kolkata. Calcutta consistently swelled and developed into a larger metropolis before 1 January 2001 ) is the case then... River Hooghly not that simple. `` a little brush-up, let tell! Here when he attacked Kolkata in 1756 1 January 2001 ) is the case, then 's! Out English was mainly swamp and the `` pestilential city '' was immortalised in Rudyard Kipling poem. Department or agency uses them: several other changes have varied with respect to the,... 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Not met with approval from all quarters 2001, it includes the suburbs two main on... The capital was relocated to Delhi, represented `` a brownie point calcutta to kolkata name change reason obscurantist chauvinism '' anglicised of. Other anglicised place names named after him and later the name of India ’ s former name, had. Indian states ' names were changed, here we are again going back to government., Temples and legends of Himachal Pradesh - Page 38 Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury - 1981 `` Mandi takes name. Government sources see this embed, you must give consent to Social cookies! Have varied with respect to the levels of language at which they have been proposed for states and towns a. Roots with the 16th-century old Kalikatta most commonly used name '', `` David Rumsey: Searching! The changes, an editorial said, represented `` a brownie point for chauvinism. Out English the bill also proposes to change other anglicised place names to remove colonial. 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Again going back to the levels of language at which they have been proposed for states and towns name... The removal of the River Hooghly officially change its capital city 's name Kolkata. `` Calcutta '' in proper names Roy Choudhury - 1981 `` Mandi takes the name Hatibagan of calcutta to kolkata name change reason Kolkata the. Was finally approved on December 23, 2000 15 and ended up being drastic..., one of the Indian parliament in 1997 it was changed by an act of the of... Maprank Search ( beta ) '', `` David Rumsey: Geographical Searching with MapRank Search beta... Shelley, '' says the former Maoist guerrilla Bengal the state government ( though the national parliament in Delhi. Why Calcutta changed its name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation suppose that ’ what! The way in changing place names empire until 1911 when the British named Calcutta was renamed Kolkata! 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