By far the largest number of decisions (both first and final) was issued in Germany (see Figure 7), accounting for 28.5 % of the total first instance decisions and 44.2 % of the total final decisions in the EU-27 in 2019. July 22, 2019. EU-wide figures regarding both "legal" migration This is for the sake of the refugees but also for Europeans themselves. migrants and asylum seekers who arrived in Europe The first includes asylum seekers who have lodged a claim (asylum application) and whose claim is under consideration by a relevant authority. Most of them came from Syria, Turkey and from Eritrea. However, Significantly fewer people seem to have died on the In particular, the European Commission offers Member States continued financial support under the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF). Two different categories of persons should be taken into account when analysing asylum statistics. It is granted to a person who is unable to seek protection in his/her country of citizenship and/or residence, in particular for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion. 2011: Croatia, Hungary, Austria and Finland not available. In 2016 the number levelled off at around 1.2 million. IOM data shows that there are over 200,000 migrants stuck across In 2018, it was at 1.4%, which is twice as high as the He urged member countries to show solidarity with the likes of Greece, Italy and Hungary by taking 160,000 refugees off their hands. It's worth to note here that while migrant rescue missions – In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … Roughly one third of Mediterranean migrant deaths (432) took Since 2013, Syria remains the main country of citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU-27. The number of arrivals in Europe to Italy or Malta; 516 between Libya and Italy/Malta. Mediterranean. Among the causes of death for the other 84 people were The European Commission released updated statistics about the numbers of refugees and migrants who tried to make their way to Europe in 2018, via the Mediterranean sea. Syrians accounted for the largest number of applicants in seven of the 27 EU Member States, including 39 300 applicants in Germany. However, there were a few exceptions to this pattern: Germany, Estonia, Lithuania, Hungary, Austria and Poland reported a higher proportion of asylum applicants less than 18 years old. Since fiscal 1980, 55% of refugees have come from Asia, a far higher share than from Europe (28%), Africa (13%) or Latin America (4%). Between 1986 and 2007, data on asylum was collected on the basis of a gentlemen’s agreement. Data extracted on 16 March 2020 and 26 May 2020 (parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and decisions on asylum applications). Full-time statisticians in UNHCR's Field Information and Coordination Section track the number of people forced to flee so that when a major displacement crisis erupts Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. has been falling steadily since 2016, though less notably so in the past two As Figure 1 presents, between 2008 and 2012 there was a gradual increase in the number of asylum applications within the EU-27, after which the number of asylum seekers rose at a more rapid pace, with 400 500 applications in 2013, 594 200 in 2014 and around 1.3 million in 2015. landed without the aid of NGO boats, coast guard vehicles or the like. cross a river or the English Channel. This represents a slight increase of 6% compared to the same period in 2018 (191,800). when there were significantly more migrants and refugees on the move. Afghans accounted for 8.6 % of the total number of first-time asylum applicants and Venezuelans for 7.3 %, while Colombians and Iraqis for 5.2 % and 4.4 %, respectively. Since 2008 data have been provided to Eurostat under the provisions of Article 4 of Regulation (EC) 862/2007; most of the statistics presented in this article were collected within this regulatory framework. Turkey to Greece doubled compared to 2018, the number of people taking the Asylum is a form of international protection given by a state on its territory. Many migrants, however, are finding themselves stuck in Croatia's Mediterranean. 2019 Report Refugees in Spain and Europe. Europe must not be drawn into a competition with Erdogan over who can make refugees more miserable. via that sea route in 2019 (as of December 19). The Western Mediterranean Route meanwhile saw 24,759 Data are provided to Eurostat with a monthly frequency (for asylum application statistics), quarterly frequency (for first instance decisions) or annual frequency (for final decisions based on appeal or review, resettlement and unaccompanied minors). 28 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. rate. Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania, Slovakia and Finland not available. was 186,788; in 2016, it was 390,456; and in 2015, there were more than a The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). A total of 95,176 decisions have been made on initial applications. Migrant deaths within Europe: Highest number since 2015, There were 123 people who died on their migration journeys The number of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 [1] in 2019 was 612 700. Some 40 300 Venezuelans (the highest number of applicants from a single country to one of the EU-27 Member States in 2019) and 28 900 Colombians applied for protection in Spain, while Afghans accounted for 23 700 applicants in Greece. According to IOM, 144,282 people arrived in 2018; in 2017, that number 612 700 first-time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the Member States of the EU-27 in 2019. however, was roughly the same in 2019 and 2018. Crossing the Mediterranean Sea continues to be one of the Among the youngest age group (0–13 years), males accounted for 51.2 % of the total number of applicants in 2019. like the standoff between the Sea-Watch 3 and its captain Carola Rackete with This article describes recent developments in relation to numbers of asylum applicants and decisions on asylum applications in the European Union (EU). Rejection. Last week, the IOM reported that the number of people who arrived in Europe by sea in 2017 was less than half as many as the previous year. Union by land included Greece and Bulgaria, which both border on Turkey, and The swell of Syrians has pushed Turke… Since 1999, the EU has worked towards creating a common European asylum regime in accordance with the Geneva Convention and other applicable international instruments. The distribution of first-time asylum applicants by sex shows that more men (61.9 %) than women (38.1 %) were seeking asylum. get into the EU – that's about one fifth of the total number of people. Most migrants arrived by sea, taking the dangerous 'Mediterranean How many people arrived in Europe in 2019 without papers? Introduction. Greece saw a dramatic increase in arrivals, while arrivals in Italy and Spain declined. In contrast, final decisions in appeal or review relate to decisions granted at the final instance of administrative/judicial asylum procedure and which result from an appeal lodged by an asylum seeker rejected in the preceding stage. Most of them came from Syria, Iraq and from Turkey. Greece saw a dramatic increase in arrivals, while arrivals in Italy and Spain declined. First instance decisions are decisions granted by the respective authority acting as a first instance of the administrative/judicial asylum procedure in the receiving country. border in remote, difficult terrain), vehicle accidents, and drowning trying to In 2019, European countries12 recorded 672,935 new asylum seekers. the border. 142,458 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Germany - according to UNHCR. the plight of Vietnamese migrant workers. within Europe in 2019, according to IOM. European Union without a visa or similar documentation. 2019, down to 0.7%. deaths. and the Western Mediterranean Route (from Morocco and Algeria to Spain) … in a clandestine manner in 2019 (as of December 23) crossed a land border to It was followed by France (119 900, or 19.6 %), Spain (115 200, or 18.8 %), ahead of Greece (74 900, or 12.2 %) and Italy (35 000, or 5.7 %). Since the entry into force of Regulation (EC) 862/2007, statistics on asylum decisions have become available for different stages of the asylum procedure. However, the applied methodology defines that final decisions should refer to what is effectively a final decision in the vast majority of cases: in other words, once all normal routes of appeal have been exhausted and there is no possibility to appeal on the substance of the decision but only on procedural grounds. Persons may however apply for international protection in more than one Member State in a given reference year. Most settled in cities such as Istanbul, where they can find work. A total of 105,425 migrants arrived in Europe by crossing Across the EU-27, female applicants outnumbered male applicants in 2019 for asylum applicants aged 65 and over, although this group was relatively small, accounting for just 0.8 % (0.5 % females and 0.3 % males) of the total number of first-time applicants. (In 2017, that number was 3,139; 5,141 in 2016; 4,041 In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … Some of these people may have arrived prior to 2019. when 24,815 people arrived that way. Most migrants and asylum seekers who arrived in Europe in 2019 using irregular migration routes did so by crossing the Mediterranean Sea, data from both IOM and Frontex shows. Italy's then-interior minister Matteo Salvini, At least 40 feared dead or missing in shipwreck off Libya, according to UNHCR, More unaccompanied minors among migrants rescued at sea, NGO, Open Arms rescues a further 77 migrants in the Mediterranean. In all, there were about 134,000 migrant arrivals to Europe in 2018, which is actually a significant decrease from 2017, which saw … One factor that could explain this decrease is the fact that deadliest migration routes worldwide. "We knew it was dangerous, I knew it was dangerous, but when you have a lion at your back and the sea in front, you take the sea." Greater differences were observed for asylum applicants who were 14–17 or 18–34 years old, where 67.9 % and 69.0 %, respectively, of first-time applicants were male, with this share dropping back to 58.0 % for the age group 35–64. More than a Asylum in Europe 2019: human rights under pressure . happened on the 'central route' – though it accounted less than 14% of all In contrast, the largest relative decreases were recorded in Italy (-34.5 %, or 18 400 fewer), Germany (-12.0 %, or 19 400 fewer) and Austria (-7.0 %, or 800 fewer), see Figure 3. It also provides technical and operational support to Member States facing particular pressures (in other words, those Member States receiving large numbers of asylum applicants). in a truck in the UK – a grizzly discovery that brought worldwide attention to In 2019, the number of Syrian first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 fell to 74 400 from 80 000 in 2018, while the share of Syrians in the EU-27 total dropped from 14.6 % to 12.1 %. Decisions made at the first instance resulted in 206 000 persons being granted protection status, while a further 91 000 received protection status on appeal. Syrian, Afghan and Venezuelan – main citizenships of asylum applicants in the EU-27 in 2019. The data arrived as the European Commission is expected, by the end of this month, to present its proposal for reform of EU migration and asylum rules. This plan aims to set-up a coordinated approach and commits all EU Member States to grant high standards of reception, protection and integration for unaccompanied minors. The most popular point-of-entry countries into the European Also in 2019, EU countries granted protection to 295,800 asylum seekers, down from 333,400 in 2018, which was almost 40% lower than in 2017 (533,000). The Hague programme was adopted by heads of state and government on 5 November 2004. 2012: Croatia, Hungary and Austria not available. Italy, Spain. More than 120,000 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in the EU this year, mostly by sea. The EASO supports EU Member States in their efforts to implement a more consistent and fair asylum policy. Refugees in Europe. Applicants in 2019. The European Commission’s policy plan on asylum (COM(2008) 360 final) was presented in June 2008 which included three pillars to underpin the development of the CEAS: With this in mind, in 2009 the European Commission made a proposal to establish a European Asylum Support Office (EASO). Eurostat produces statistics on a range of issues relating to international migration. Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Europe, Macedonia, Spain. In 2018, there The Central Mediterranean region saw 14,500 migrant arrivals More than 120,000 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in the EU this year, mostly by sea. That means that 0.1% Mediterranean migration: more arrivals in Greece, fewer in With 142 400 applicants registered in 2019, Germany accounted for 23.3 % of all first-time applicants in the EU-27. Nearly four years after almost 1 million refugees were welcomed into the country, Germany has quietly been closing the window on asylum applications and ramping up deportations. A total of 2,247 decisions have been made on initial applications. Pending at end 2019. Member State data refer to the number of persons applying for asylum for the first time in that Member State. (Iraq is counted as a part of Asia in this data source.) Subs. arrivals in 2019 – the number of arrivals in 2018 was more than twice as high We take a look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019. A first-time applicant for international protection is a person who lodged an application for asylum for the first time in a given EU Member State and therefore excludes repeat applicants (in that Member State) and so more accurately reflects the number of newly arrived persons applying for international protection in the reporting Member State. Which were around 46% answered positively. The four main legal instruments on asylum — all of which are currently subject to proposals for replacement or recasting — are: EU operational and financial support has been instrumental in helping Member States to address the migration challenge. migrants who attempted that crossing died. Route'. EU states were given until September 26 2017 to comply. Disclaimer: This article focuses on clandestine and irregular 2010: Bulgaria, Greece, Croatia, Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania and Finland not available. (58,525). 40% of sea arrivals are women and children 40 percent of individuals arriving to Europe by sea in 2019 are women and children. current rate. migration to the European Union, i.e. Planned article update: mid-March 2021 and late April 2021 (parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and final decisions). The second is composed of persons who have been recognised, after consideration, as refugees, or have been granted another kind of international protection (subsidiary protection), or were granted protection on the basis of the national law related to international protection (authorisations to stay for humanitarian reasons), or were rejected from having any form of protection. In 2019 there were 14 100 applications[3] in the EU-27 from unaccompanied minors; 7.1 % of all minors were unaccompanied (see Figure 6). Turkey is now taking steps to thin the number of refugees in its urban centers, recently moving more than 6,000 Syrians from Istanbul to temporary housing in other provinces. This latest figure for 2019 marked an increase of 63 700 first-time applicants across the EU-27 in comparison with the year before (from 549 000 in 2018 to 612 700 in 2019). migrants and refugees who arrived in the with between 6,000 and 11,000 migrants arriving on average each month. Which were around 72% answered positively. This page was last modified on 2 September 2020, at 07:29. twice as many as in 2019. 38 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes in 2019. A staggering number of Syrians have escaped to neighboring Turkey, which in 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 million people. how many people attempted the crossing in the first place) also decreased in In May 2010, the European Commission presented an action plan for unaccompanied minors (COM(2010) 213 final), who are regarded as the most exposed and vulnerable victims of migration. The EU-27 aggregate includes 2018 data for Spain. An unaccompanied minor is a person less than 18 years old who arrives on the territory of an EU-27 Member State not accompanied by an adult responsible for the minor or a minor who is left unaccompanied after having entered the territory of a Member State. (2018: 54 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. crossings, standoff between the Sea-Watch 3 and its captain Carola Rackete with Many European countries see more people arrive than depart, and net migration is especially high in the economic heartland of Western Europe. in 2015; and 3,184 in 2014). In April 2016, the European Commission adopted a Communication (COM(2016) 197 final) launching the process for a reform of the CEAS. 584 reported missing or dead years. Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. Though refugee and subsidiary protection status are defined by EU law, humanitarian reasons are specific to national legislation and are not applicable in some of the EU Member States. 2009: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, Croatia. As a complement to this action plan, the European Migration Network has produced a comprehensive EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors. 57,012 165,938. More than three quarters (77.3 %) of the first-time asylum seekers in the EU-27 in 2019 were less than 35 years old (see Figure 4); those in the age range 18–34 years accounted for slightly less than half (47.0 %) of the total number of first-time applicants, while almost one third (30.3 %) of the total number of first-time applicants were minors aged less than 18 years. Croatia, which many migrants try to cross in a bid to make it from the Balkans This page has been accessed 326,532 times. third of that – 1,246 migrants – are estimated to have died in the Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. The need to seek international protection is one of the main reasons that forces people to cross borders. increase in arrivals in the second half of 2019 – between July and November, Roughly 473,000 first-time asylum applications were filed in countries that belong to the European Union between January and September 2019, according to Eurostat. fewer people attempted to cross the Western and especially the Central In absolute terms, 109 000 persons were granted refugee status in the EU-27 in 2019 at first instance, 52 000 were given subsidiary protection status, and 45 100 were given authorisation to … Refugees and Migrants in Europe - 2019 Update. Please enable JavaScript in your browser for better use of the website. nearly a third of them (202,945) were children. million arrivals. Consequently, the EU total may include such multiple applications. In 2019, 540 800 first instance decisions on asylum applications were made in the EU-27 Member States and a further 296 600 final decisions following an appeal. 4 1. This included options for a fair and sustainable system for allocating asylum applicants among EU Member States, a further harmonisation of asylum procedures and standards to create a level playing field across the EU and thereby reduce pull factors inducing irregular secondary movements, and a strengthening of the mandate of the EASO. Conversely, Italy, Croatia, Poland, Czechia and Hungary each recorded a share of positive first instance decisions between 19.7 % (Italy) and 8.5 % (Hungary). Rejection rate. More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… This age distribution of asylum applicants was common in almost all of the EU-27 Member States, with the largest share of applicants being those aged 18–34. Sweden alone reported 34,295 applications in 2015, more than a third of the total. More than a million migrants and refugees crossed into Europe in 2015, compared with just 280,000 the year before. 2,140 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Norway - according to UNHCR. Prot. It puts forward the idea of a common European asylum system (CEAS), in particular, it raises the challenge to establish common procedures and uniform status for those granted asylum or subsidiary protection. The European migrant crisis, also known as the refugee crisis, was a period characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union (EU) overseas from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe. Less than 172,000 people – mostly fleeing conflict in the Middle East and poverty in Africa – crossed the Mediterranean into Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain in 2017, compared to more than 363,000 in 2016. Central Mediterranean Route (mainly from Libya and Tunisia to Italy and Malta) The number of repeat applicants (persons lodged more than one application ) in the EU-27 in 2019 was 63 600, representing a 9.4 % of the total number of applicants. Mediterranean, where the death toll is much higher than in the Eastern We take a look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019. In absolute terms, 109 000 persons were granted refugee status in the EU-27 in 2019 at first instance, 52 000 were given subsidiary protection status, and 45 100 were given authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. IOM estimates that there were at least Greece, but also Cyprus, there were 66,166 sea arrivals this year, which is injuries, hypothermia and exhaustion (suffered by migrants who tried to cross a In the Eastern Mediterranean, between Turkey and primarily Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! were 2,299 migrants reported dead or missing in the Mediterranean – almost This increase was largely due to an Since asylum procedures and the number/levels of decision making bodies differ among the EU Member States, the true final instance may be, according to the national legislation and administrative procedures, a decision of the highest national court. In 2016 the numbers fell to 65,500, and there was a further fall in 2017 to 32,335, and in 2018 to 20,320, still significantly higher than for any year before 2014. Updated 9:26 AM EDT, Wed June 19, 2019 (CNN) — More than ... “However, we must not forget that 91% of the refugees do not live in the European Union, but are often admitted to … (Data for October through December has not yet been made available. to Western Europe. The next high numbers of applicants of a single citizenship in 2019 were also observed in Germany (13 700 applicants from Iraq and 10 800 from Turkey), Greece (10 800 applicants from Syria) and France (10 000 applicants from Afghanistan). Croatia due to pushbacks and increased border patrols on the Croatian side of The seventeenth annual report from the Spa- nish Commission for Refugees (CEAR) analyses the situation of refugees in the world, the Euro-pean Union, and mainly in Spain over 2018. The number of migrants who died on this route (relative to In 2019, 38.1 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes, that is grants of refugee or subsidiary protection status, or an authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. arrived by land; the ratio of people who arrived by land and sea, respectively, According to IOM, only 23,261 people who arrived in Europe (²) 2008: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania, Slovakia and Finland not available. That's the highest number since 2015, The EU total is calculated as an aggregation of Member States data. The main contributions to this increase were higher numbers of applicants from Venezuela, Colombia and Afghanistan, (see Figure 2). Consisting of more than 2.0 million new individual asylum claims and 382,200 refugees recognized on a prima facie or group basis. Crossing the Mediterranean: still perilous despite fewer the Mediterranean Sea in 2019, according to IOM (as of December 19). For many, Europe may not be their intended destination when they set out on their journey: most head for neighbouring countries at first, but the abuse they experience along the way compels them to push on towards Europe. Migration to Europe in 2019: Facts and figures. authorisations to stay for humanitarian reasons, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors, Dublin statistics on countries responsible for asylum application, Enforcement of immigration legislation statistics, Residence permits - statistics on first permits issued during the year, Migration and migrant population statistics, Population and population change statistics, All publications on asylum and managed migration, Decisions on applications and resettlement, European Commission — DG Migration and Home Affairs — Common European asylum system, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Asylum_statistics&oldid=496368. Refugee rate. 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how many refugees in europe 2019 2021